Developed by Professor Halvard Odergard at Trondheim University of Science and Technology the Kaldnes Moving Bed™ bio film process has been designed specifically to create the most effective environment for the nitrification process to take place. The media is engineered in a wheel shape and is slightly positively buoyant, allowing a small amount of water flow (created by adding air to the process) to circulate the media throughout the vessel.
Oxygen and food (Ammonia and Nitrites) gives the bacteria the means to grow, whilst the Kaldnes media provides maximum surface area for the bacteria to colonise and produce bio film. It is this process, which removes harmful ammonia and nitrite from the water.
As the Kaldnes media chaotically circulates within the bio tank, it causes old dead bacteria/bio film on the outside, to be removed making space for new younger heavier feeding bacteria/bio films to colonise. Within the wheel, is a protected surface, which enables colonies of bacteria to naturally follow their life cycle, maturing and dying, in turn fuelling the latter stages of the nitrification conversion process. It also assists in the breakdown of any small particles passing through from the mechanical stage. Therefore, the Kaldnes media maintains both a young bio film and a maturing bio film providing a more consistent filter performance, whilst improving water quality, encouraging healthier Koi and aiding in reducing green water and blanket weed.
For best result, add 25% Bio Chips to the K1 media.
1 Liter = 0.0353146667 Cubic Foot
25 liter= 0.882866668 Cubic Foot
50 liter= 1.765733335 Cubic Foot